Enoch's Years and Solar Analemma

In the ancient world, the year started on March 21st , not on the 1st of January. The year starts on spring equinox, and the Sun rises on the first day of the year in the fourth portal.

 

“In this way he rises in the first month in the great portal, which  is the fourth . And in that fourth portal from which the sun rises in the first month are twelve window−openings, from which proceed a flame when they are opened in their season. When the sun rises in the heaven, he comes forth through that fourth portal thirty,  mornings in succession, and sets accurately in the fourth portal in the west of the heaven.”

                                                                                    The Book Of Enoch  72 : 6 – 9

 

Picture above shows the solar analemma and the eastern portals. Each portal has twelve openings lined up from north to south within the portal. Enoch's year starts on the equinox, on the 21st of March, the day when the Sun rises in the fourth portal. From there, the Sun proceeds to move north, towards the sixth portal. It rises in the fourth portal for thirty days before ascending to the fifth portal.

 

“And during this period, the day becomes daily longer and the night nightly shorter to the thirtieth morning. On that day the day is longer than the night by a ninth part, and the day amounts exactly to ten parts and the night to eight parts. And the sun rises from that fourth portal, and sets in the fourth and returns to the fifth portal of the east thirty mornings, and rises from it and sets in the fifth  portal. “     72 : 9 - 12 

As the Sun ascends and proceeds to move north, the day becomes longer in the North. The Sun rises in the fifth portal for thirty mornings.

 

“And then the day becomes longer by two parts and amounts to eleven parts, and the night becomes shorter and amounts to seven parts. And it returns to the east and enters into the sixth portal, and rises and sets in the sixth portal one−and−thirty mornings on account of its sign. “ 72 : 12 – 14

 

The Sun eventually reaches the sixth portal in which it will rise for thirty-one mornings. On the summer solstice, as well as on the winter solstice, the day length remains unchanged for about seven days. If the Earth were a sphere orbiting the Sun, the day lengths on the solstices would be changing as well since the orbit would be only slightly elliptical and the days lengths would increase/decrease like in the other months. But since the Sun makes a turn in the portals, the day length literally freezes for several days. The following verse describes the summer solstice in late June.

 

“On that day the day becomes longer than the night, and the day becomes double the night, and the day becomes twelve parts, and the night is shortened and becomes six parts .”  72 : 14 – 15

 

In late June, during the summer solstice, the Sun turns around and starts its descend.

 

“And the sun mounts up to make the day shorter and the night longer, and the sun returns to the east and enters into the  sixth portal, and rises from it and sets thirty mornings.” 72 : 15 - 16

 

“And when thirty mornings are accomplished,  the day decreases by exactly one part, and becomes eleven parts, and the night seven. And the sun goes forth from that sixth portal in the west, and goes to the east and rises in the fifth portal for  thirty mornings, and sets in the west again in the fifth western portal.“  72 : 16 - 18    

The Sun rises for thirty mornings in the fifth portal. From there, it descends to the fourth portal and approaches the autumn equinox.

 

“And the sun goes forth from that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one−  and−thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west. On that day the day is equalized with the night, and the night amounts to nine parts and the day to nine parts. “  72 : 19 – 21

 

“And the sun rises from that portal and sets in the west, and returns to the east and rises thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the west in the third portal. And on that day the night becomes longer than the day, and night becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight parts. “ 21 - 23

 

The Sun rises for thirty mornings in the third portal. When the Sun has completed the third portal, it descends to the second, where it rises for thirty mornings. 

 

“And the sun goes forth from that fifth portal and sets in the fifth portal of the west, and rises in the fourth portal for one−  and−thirty mornings on account of its sign, and sets in the west. On that day the day is equalized with the night, and the night amounts to nine parts and the day to nine parts. “  72 : 19 – 21

 

“And the sun rises from that portal and sets in the west, and returns to the east and rises thirty mornings in the third portal and sets in the west in the third portal. And on that day the night becomes longer than the day, and night becomes longer than night, and day shorter than day till the thirtieth morning, and the night amounts exactly to ten parts and the day to eight parts. “ 21 - 23

 

The Sun rises for thirty mornings in the third portal. When the Sun has completed the third portal, it descends to the second, where it rises for thirty mornings.

 

“And the sun rises from that third portal and sets in the third portal in the west and returns to the east, and for thirty mornings rises  in the second portal in the east, and in like manner sets in the second portal in the west of the heaven. And on that day the night amounts to eleven  parts and the day to seven parts. “ 72 : 23 - 25

 

After the second portal, the sun eventually descends to the first and lowest portal, where it will rise for thirty-one mornings

 

“And the sun rises on that day from that second portal and sets in the west in the second portal, and returns to the east into the first portal for one−and−thirty mornings, and sets in the first portal in the west of the heaven. “ 72 : 25 – 26

 

The winter solstice falls on the first portal. On the 21st  of December, the Sun reaches the southern tip of its annual orbit. The day length remains unchanged for several days, since the Sun completes its turn to start its ascend.

 

“And on that day the night becomes longer and amounts to the double of the day: and the night amounts exactly to twelve parts and the day to six. And the sun has (therewith) traversed the divisions of his orbit and turns again on those divisions of his orbit, and enters that portal thirty mornings and sets also in the west opposite to it. And on that night has the night decreased in length by a ninth part, and the night has become eleven parts and the day seven  parts. „ 72 : 26 – 29

The verses 26 – 29 describe the winter months, when the Sun traverses the first portal. In the next verse, the Sun eventually ascends to the second portal. The Sun enters the second portal in the period around late January and early February.

 

“And the sun has returned and entered into the second portal in the east, and returns on those his divisions of his orbit for thirty mornings, rising and setting. And on that day the night decreases in length, and the night amounts to ten parts and the day to eight. “  72 : 29 – 31

 

The verses 29 – 31 describe the month of February. The Sun rises in the second portal for thirty mornings.

 

“And on that day the sun rises from that portal, and sets in the west, and returns to the east, and rises in the third portal for one−and−thirty mornings, and sets in the west of the heaven. “ 72 : 31

 

The verse 72 : 31 describes the month of March.  

 

“On that day the night decreases and amounts to nine parts, and the day to nine parts, and the night is equal to the day and the year is exactly as to its days three hundred and sixty−four.” 72 : 32 – 33

 

The 21st of March is spring equinox, when day and night are equal in length. This is also the time when the year is completed. The ancient year begins and ends on the  spring equinox, as the verses 32 – 33 make clear.

 

“As he rises, so he sets and decreases not, and rests not, but runs day and night, and his light is sevenfold brighter than that of the moon; but as regards size, they are both equal. “  72 : 37